Risk factors and surveillance

In order to limit the development and global emergence of antimicrobial resistance, it is important to identify the microbial and epidemiological risk factors contributing to the emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance as well as their interactions. This research is necessary in order to advise national and international authorities and other stakeholders on how to minimise resistance, locally and globally. 

Since 1995, the National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark has been responsible for the Danish monitoring of antimicrobial resistance among animals and food via DANMAP, the Danish Integrated Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring and Research Programme, working with various aspects of antimicrobial resistance in bacterial pathogens and commensals.

The National Food Institute also acts as the WHO Collaborating Centre for antimicrobial resistance and as European Union Reference Laboratory for antimicrobial resistance in food-borne pathogens.


Danish Agriculture and Food Council
Danish Food and Veterinary autorisation 
European Food Safety Authority
European Medicines Agency
Food and Drug Administration, Center for Veterinary Medicine, USA
Institute Pasteur, France
LEI, Wageningen University, The Netherlands
National Salmonella and Shigella Institute, Thailand
Public Health Agency of Canada
Statens Serum Institut, Denmark 
University of Copenhagen
US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
WHO Collaborating Center, Folkehelseinstituttet, Norge
World Health Organization (WHO)

Research groups


Frank Møller Aarestrup
Professor, Head of Research Group
National Food Institute
+45 35 88 62 81
26 JANUARY 2020